The latest report shows that China has entered the world science and technology frontier
Grasping the general trend of world science and technology development is a very important proposition in scientific research. To this end, the Chinese Academy of Sciences Document Information Center and Thomson Reuters today jointly released the "2015 Research Frontier" report. The report shows that in many fields, China has shown a strong frontier contribution and ranks among the world's first in some important frontiers.
The report is based on more than 10,000 research fronts in Thomson Reuters' ESI database (Essential Science Indicators), through high-cited papers (also known as core papers, referring to the same subject in the same year. The first 1% of the papers represent the current hot content, and selected 100 hot research frontiers and 49 emerging research frontiers in 2015, and interpreted and analyzed these frontiers.
Compared with the previous two editions, “2013 Research Frontier” and “2014 Research Frontier”, the report has increased the analysis of 149 leading-edge national performances for the first time, and the basic contribution level to the United States, Britain, Germany, France, China and Japan. An evaluation description was made with the level of potential development.
According to the data, among the 149 frontiers, China has selected core papers in 82 frontiers; the number of core papers in the 16 frontiers is the first, surpassing the UK, Germany, and Japan; and 38 frontiers have entered the core papers. Name, behind the UK and Germany. The status of the "big brother" in the United States is still in the doldrums. There are core papers in the 143 frontiers, and the number of core papers in the 108 frontiers ranks first.
The report summarizes these papers into ten areas. China's 16 leading frontiers in core papers come from the fields of chemistry and materials science, physics, mathematics, computer science and engineering, agriculture, botany and zoology, bioscience and earth science. .
Among them, in the field of chemistry and materials science, China's frontier contribution has exceeded the United States. “Our country has a high level of basic contribution and potential development in this field. This is an area in which China has done a particularly good job.” Zhang Xiaolin, a researcher of the editorial board of the report and a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, proudly said.
“More than half of the frontiers in China are involved, and more than one-third of China’s core authors are at the forefront of participation.” Zhang Xiaolin believes that this means that China as a whole has “strongly entered the world’s technological frontiers”. ".
At the same time, however, there are some frontier areas in China where research is not dominant, such as in the field of clinical medicine. Zhang Xiaolin told reporters that in this field, the top positions in China's occupation are relatively few, and even some frontier areas have not yet entered. The intensity of tracking research is not enough. "It is possible to miss the whole train. This is more people." Worried."
However, the data show that clinical medicine is precisely the new hotspot of the future: 15 of the 49 frontiers selected by the report are from clinical medicine. "After all, population and health are major issues related to socio-economic development. And it is no longer just a simple medical problem, but a 'big gathering' that combines computers, mathematics, communication, chemistry, materials and other disciplines. Zhang Xiaolin said, "It is a big field that is very worthy of expectation for us to have major technological innovations and breakthroughs in the future."
"Of course, such a data-based analysis is just a start. We need to work with scientists to further think about the drivers behind this data, even some non-scientific drivers, such as policies, environmental factors, etc." Zhang Xiaolin added.
(Jilin Qijian Biotechnology Co., Ltd., Qijian Bio, www.qjbio.com.cn)