The top ten most advanced medical science and technology in the future
Although human civilization has prospered to this day, although there have been unprecedented breakthroughs in medical technology, there are still many intractable medical experts who are still at a loss. However, scientists are convinced that in the next few decades, the medical level will be further improved, and more problems that cannot be solved now will be solved.
1, head and body integrity transplantation
The brain itself is immune, which means that the body does not actually reject the brain. Like liver and kidney organ transplants, the challenge is not to transplant the brain, but to remove and reconnect the head. This will create a problem of successful removal and attachment of the head or the entire body. At the same time, successful surgery must be connected to the nervous system in this way, otherwise the patient will be quadriplegia.
Surgery like this has been successful in the body of small animals. In 2001, Dr. Robert White transplanted the monkey's head to the body of another monkey, and the animal survived.
2, life suspension
The end of life is often caused by accidental injuries such as bullets, knives, grenades and bombs. Statistics show that most of the battlefield deaths were caused by the medical team's failure to arrive at the first hour of the soldier's injury for timely treatment. Therefore, the first hour of the soldier's injury is called the golden hour. This time is vital to life. Is there a pause button to save dying life?
The US Department of Defense's Advanced Research Projects Agency (darpa) and the Texas A&M Clinical Research Institute are committed to this research, although the original experimental body is a squirrel, and they currently plan to put the pig into hibernation, perhaps a zombie pig in the future. It will play an important role in the treatment of soldiers during the golden hour of the battlefield.
3. Download human consciousness
Some scientists believe that one day human beings will be able to download their brain consciousness into a computer to realize the soul of a computer. Basically, a computer can hold all personal information. It is like artificial intelligence, which can make a personal soul live on a computer. It lasted for a thousand years.
The concept was coined by scientist Ian Pearson, who designed a computer model that claimed that by 2050 all personal information would be downloaded to the computer to achieve the soul of the computer.
4, artificial organs
Of course, not all organs are self-growing. In the sci-fi movie "Mechanical Men", there are many artificial organ tissues. Perhaps one day, there will be a sexually controlled doll with full control of human skin.
In recent years, artificial organ technology has developed rapidly. In 1982, Barneyclark accepted the world's first artificial heart. At that time, Clark was considered to be very dangerous to transplant artificial heart. This artificial heart is artificial. Organ pioneer scientist Dr. Robert Jarvik developed it. However, the artificial heart keeps Clark in his life for hundreds of days.
Along with the improvement of artificial heart technology, a fully artificial heart has emerged, which can completely replace the two ventricles at the bottom of the heart. The patient can now survive for many years based on a fully artificial heart. This artificial heart has been successfully developed and can be implanted in adolescents. The patient's body.
The current artificial organs are only expedient measures and are temporary substitutes for the emergence of donated organs. However, with the continuous development of artificial organ technology, artificial organs that truly replace damaged human organs are expected to emerge in the future.
5, organ printing
In the future, human organ donation will eventually be replaced by organ printing technology to obtain the generated cells. In theory, organ printers print organ tissue layer by layer, which is very similar to the old dot matrix printer used to print documents. Since the cells are from the patient itself, or match the individual, it is rare for the body to reject the organ.
In fact, samples of every cell type in the body are capable of 3d printing. Current scientists are studying simple organ replacements such as blood vessels. Once the 3d printed blood vessel can replace the damaged blood vessel, more complex human organs will be printed step by step. Even human organs that cannot be repaired, the newly printed 3d organs can mature and then be used for transplantation.
6, local brain transplant surgery
Some details about the true operation of brain tissue are still a mystery, but it has been proven that placing the right tissue in the proper brain can completely repair the neural network of the brain.
In 1982, Dr. Dorothy-Clegg raised two different groups of mice, one of which was a completely healthy individual, changing individuals in a stressful environment, making them lack luteinizing hormone releasing factor (l.h.r.h). Dorothy knows the location of luteinizing factor-releasing factor in brain tissue, removes the release factor to form a central region, and successfully implants into the brain of a second group of defective mice.
This transplanted brain part begins to form a connection with the brain tissue and grows naturally. Not only does it achieve the connection of allogeneic brain tissue, but the brain also begins to produce luteinizing hormone releasing factor. The real challenge for the future may be how to successfully map the brain structure and know which brain region is implanted in healthy tissue.
7, anti-aging biochemical enzymes
As scientists study more about human aging, human aging is a disease. For this, human aging is not a natural phenomenon that people think. The phenomenon of human aging can be tracked by special biochemical enzymes. If these biochemical enzymes are repaired, the natural function of the human body will eliminate aging.
Therefore, anti-aging biochemical enzymes play a crucial role. In a 2007 scientific study, two biochemical enzymes, sirt3 and sirt4, were found to be important for mitochondrial cell division.
8, DNA repair
People may think that DNA is like a dusty template. DNA molecules are born with human births and disappear when they die. However, DNA is not only that, it can be truly used as a computer inside the cell, directly cultivated and repaired the damaged part of the cell itself.
In short, this is a key factor in maintaining human longevity, and DNA has the ability to alter and repair damaged tissues. For example, cancer, like other mutations, can disrupt the ability of DNA to repair itself. In essence, DNA is like a car engine, based on regular adjustments and changes, that DNA can regain its ability indefinitely.
9, the brain - computer interface
In the sci-fi movie "The Matrix", the protagonist Neo is inserted in the back of the neck with a super needle, which will enable him to work hard. The brain-computer interface will give people a new life that is directly connected to external machines and completes neurological processes at the brain or nerve endings.
In short, the brain-computer interface interacts with current neurological functions to restore cognitive ability and function. If the brain synapses don't work properly, this brain-computer interface system can intervene in the brain tissue and restore the body's motor function. Therefore there will be no permanent damage to the brain tissue.
The continuous improvement of science and technology will gradually improve the recovery function of the human body. The brain-computer interaction interface not only plays a vital role in repairing damaged tissues of the human body, but also enhances the existing human body functions.
10, neural prosthetic technology
The neuroprosthetic technique is implanted into the nervous tissue or the central nervous system for the replacement of accidental or disease-damaging mobile organ tissues. The motor's maneuverability can respond to external stimuli, whether natural or unnatural. Neuroprosthetic technology not only replaces new limbs with people who have lost their limbs, but also gives the body more functionality as a replacement part.
Neuroprosthetic techniques are essential for the replacement of damaged body organs and can be synchronized with normal brain function. In short, one day in the future, neuroprosthetic technology will realize Luke's arm, the body of a mechanical warrior, or the semi-mechanical nerve control organ.
(Jilin Qijian Biotechnology Co., Ltd.)